Masada and the Dead Sea.
This morning we could see more of the city in the daylight and we noticed it was very clean.
After the death of Herod in 4 BC, the Romans stationed a garrison at Masada. One of the first events of the Jewish revolt in 60 AD was the conquest of Masada by the Jews. After the Romans destroyed Jerusalem in 70 AD, the last of the Jewish rebels fled to Masada. In 74 AD the Romans laid siege to Masada building eight camps around the base joined by a wall to keep the Jews from fleeing.
Any hope the Romans had of starving out the Jews was dashed when each morning the Jews would pour water down the mountain side as a measure of defiance. They were proving to the Romans that they had plenty of supplies to outlast them.
This map from the brochure shows the extent of the community. On the north side (the tip jutting towards the front), was where Herod built his palace in three tiers.
The story of the siege that took place at Masada has been adopted as a symbol for the modern Jewish state. The attitude is that “Masada will not fall again.” What a story...
The group was still climbing as we left.
Dead Sea Scrolls were found…so much history!
Avi will meet us tomorrow in Haifa to continue our tour as we go to Nazareth...